Knee Replacement

KNEE REPLACEMENT

Knee replacement surgery is also known as arthroplasty. Depending on the condition and severity, patients may be offered either total or unicompartmental (partial) knee replacement surgery.

 

You may require one of these procedures if you experience severe pain and stiffness in your knee. During this operation the diseased part of the knee joint is replaced.  Knee replacements are offered to patients who have symptomatic knee joints that affect their quality of life. In this case, symptoms are commonly caused by inflammatory and degenerative joint disease.

 

How do you get arthritis in the knee?

 

Joint arthritis in the knee joint occurs when cartilage is damaged, causing it to break down. Arthritis can be caused by a number of different pathologies including:

Osteoarthritis, which is general wear-and-tear in which the cushioning between joints starts withering away. This is mostly due to old age but can also be found in younger patients who have had multiple or severe knee injuries in the past.

Rheumatoid arthritis, which occurs when your body’s immune system attacks your healthy tissue, breaking down the lining of your joints and causing permanent damage.

Gout, which is a form of arthritis in which uric acid forms crystals in your joints, causing painful joint inflammation.

Psoriatic arthritis, which is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that attacks connective tissue where tendons and ligaments attach to your bone.

What other options are available before arthroplasty?

 

Osteotomy is a procedure in which the leg is realigned in order to take pressure off the affected area. Osteotomy is used to improve knee symptoms in younger patients where the alignment of the knee is contributing to the pathology and likely to lead to on-going and worsening symptoms.

KNEE REPLACEMENT

Knee replacement surgery is also known as arthroplasty. Depending on the condition and severity, patients may be offered either total or unicompartmental (partial) knee replacement surgery.

 

You may require one of these procedures if you experience severe pain and stiffness in your knee. During this operation the diseased part of the knee joint is replaced.  Knee replacements are offered to patients who have symptomatic knee joints that affect their quality of life. In this case, symptoms are commonly caused by inflammatory and degenerative joint disease.

 

How do you get arthritis in the knee?

 

Joint arthritis in the knee joint occurs when cartilage is damaged, causing it to break down. Arthritis can be caused by a number of different pathologies including:

Osteoarthritis, which is general wear-and-tear in which the cushioning between joints starts withering away. This is mostly due to old age but can also be found in younger patients who have had multiple or severe knee injuries in the past.

Rheumatoid arthritis, which occurs when your body’s immune system attacks your healthy tissue, breaking down the lining of your joints and causing permanent damage.

Gout, which is a form of arthritis in which uric acid forms crystals in your joints, causing painful joint inflammation.

Psoriatic arthritis, which is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that attacks connective tissue where tendons and ligaments attach to your bone.

What other options are available before arthroplasty?

 

Osteotomy is a procedure in which the leg is realigned in order to take pressure off the affected area. Osteotomy is used to improve knee symptoms in younger patients where the alignment of the knee is contributing to the pathology and likely to lead to on-going and worsening symptoms.